Standstill Agreement Between Kashmir And Pakistan

This warning alerted the Maharajah, and charges and counter-charges were exchanged between Pakistan and J-K. The new delegation obtained only trivial changes to the previous draft agreement. [12] It established that all subsequent agreements and administrative arrangements between the British Crown and Nizam would be maintained with the Indian government. These include defence, foreign affairs and communication (the three themes that are normally addressed in the accession instrument). The agents would be exchanged between Hyderabad and India. The Indian government has agreed to relinquish the functions of the supreme government. The status quo agreement is expected to remain in effect for a one-year period. [13] The agreement was signed by Nizam on November 29, 1947. [14] The State of Jammu and Kashmir, bordering India and Pakistan, has decided to remain independent. She offered to sign status quo agreements with both gentlemen. Pakistan immediately agreed, but India called for further talks. THE FIRST KASHMIR FUT “CEASEFIRE LINE”: after the signing of the accession instrument, the first war between India and Pakistan for Jammu and Kashmir took place from 1947 to 1948.

This provoked further riots and the United Nations had to intervene to negotiate a ceasefire. Most of the troops were withdrawn and in January 1949 a ceasefire line was agreed between India and Pakistan. The accession instrument signed by the Maharaja, with its own single clauses, was seen as a quasi-temporary agreement between J-K and India, but just like other princely states, namely Hyderabad and Travancore, they had their own clauses, which were inserted into their accession instruments, which were watered down when the time came and that these princely states were entirely part of India`s constitution. , as well as the J-K membership clauses. In this sense, the current revocation of Article 370 is exactly under the constitution of India and it is high time that Kashmiris accepted that they are legitimate citizens of India and that they deny the external influences that indoctrinate them and strive to lead peaceful and prosperous lives. The entire Indian nation will support them in this regard. It is significant that the agreement did not provide for the Dominion of India to deploy Indian troops to the state, while British India had maintained several cantons, notably in Secunderabad, as part of its “subsidiary alliance” with the state. Over the next six months, Indian troops were withdrawn from the state. [15] A status quo agreement was an agreement between the new independent lords of India and Pakistan and the princely states of the British-Indian Empire before they were integrated into the new reigns.

The form of the agreement was bilateral between a government and a spring state. It provided that all administrative agreements between the British crown and the State would remain unchanged between the signatory regime (India or Pakistan) and the spring state until new agreements were concluded. [1] In 1948, Pakistan claimed that the war in Jammu and Kashmir was between the Indian army and the “soldiers of Azad Kashmir”. In May 1948, the Indian army gained fighting and made gains towards the border between Poonch and west Punjab. Pakistan then openly mobilized its troops to support the Azad Kashmir Army. In 1846, the princely state of J-K had been placed under British rule by the Treaty of Amritsar, Signed between the East India Company and Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the Royal Dogra Dynasty, who paid 7.5 million rupees of Nanakshahi and bought the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh Wizarat (composed of Baltistan, Kargile and Leh) and which was already under his reign. Gilgit Wizarat (including the territories of Gilgit and Pamiri) was later conquered in the war by the Dogras war against the Sikhs.