The children`s names and schools were visible on a huge blood-red cloth banner 47 metres long. Tia-o-qui-aht First Nation Elder Dr. Barney Williams, a residential school survivor and member of the Indian Residential School of Survival Committee (an advisory body of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission), believes that the ceremony was important to ensure that the children who died are not forgotten: “Today is a special day not only for me, but for thousands of others , like me, all over the country. to finally bring the recognition and honor of our schoolchildren, our cousins, our nephews, our forgotten nieces. For Elder Williams, the revelation of the 2,800 names was an “emotional” and “very emotional” moment for himself and for thousands of Aboriginal families across Canada. Map of the distribution of independent valuation accounts. In November 1996, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) released its final report of 4,000 references containing 440 recommendations. Indian residential schools have been the subject of a chapter.  In 1998, in response to the RCAP Gathering Strength: Canada`s Aboriginal Action Plan,:3 a “long-term” report, in response to the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, which contained the “Declaration of Reconciliation: Learning from the Past,” in which “the Government of Canada acknowledges and apologizes to those who have experienced physical and sexual abuse in Indian residential schools and who recognize their role in development and management. residential schools.”  National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, University of Manitoba Read reports published or written by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada in 2015 and 2016, as well as other historical reports and information on Aboriginal peoples and residential schools in Canada.
Whereas in Canada there were already residential schools in the 17th century in New France, the residential school system did not really develop until after the Indian Act was passed in 1876, giving the federal government the right and responsibility to educate (and assimilate) Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Beginning in the 1880s, the government worked with Roman Catholic and Protestant churches to establish a system of residential schools across Canada. In 1894, the Indian Act was amended to make residential school attendance mandatory. Until 1930, when the system reached its peak, there were about 80 schools across Canada, mainly in the western provinces and territories, although some existed in northwestern Ontario and northern Quebec. While some educators were engaged, the experience was traumatic for many Aboriginal children, who were abducted from their families and subjected to severe discipline, the devaluation of their culture and religion, and even physical and sexual abuse. In 1969, the government decided to end the partnership with churches and students were gradually integrated into provincial school systems, although the last residential school was not closed until 1996. Approximately 150,000 Aboriginal youth attended residential schools from the 1880s to 1990s, and it was estimated that 80-90,000 alumni would be affected by the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement.